The Kingdom of God, Part II

The Apostle Paul’s Kingdom Ministry

The primary theme of  the Acts of the Apostles is the story of the spread of the Gospel to the world.  The history of the Church begins with the ministry of Phillip to the Samaritans, even to an Ethiopian man (Acts 8).  

The story in Acts continues with the ministry of Saul of Tarsus, later the Apostle Paul, who began with the Jews scattered across the Macedonian lands, but also specifically ministering to the Gentiles in those lands.   

Paul’s history continues through Acts until the final chapter, when he is arrested in Jerusalem. Paul then appeals to Caesar as a Roman citizen.  Therefore, his appeal takes him on a journey to Rome, where he teaches and preaches first to the Jews:

When they had set a day for Paul, they came to him at his lodging in large numbers; and he was explaining to them by solemnly testifying about the kingdom of God and trying to persuade them concerning Jesus, from both the Law of Moses and from the Prophets, from morning until evening. (Acts 28:23)

While in Rome, Paul also shared the Gospel with the Gentiles and “all who came to him” while he was held captive:
And he stayed two full years in his own rented quarters and was welcoming all who came to him, preaching the kingdom of God and teaching concerning the Lord Jesus Christ with all openness, unhindered.  (Acts 28:30-31)
Thus, the Great Commission was given by King Jesus to bring believers of all ages and peoples into His Kingdom, a kingdom that began at His first coming and will continue to grow until He comes again.  

Christ Jesus is King

Writing to the Gentiles in Ephesus, Paul prays for enlightenment so they will know the fullness of God’s plan:
I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you will know what is the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints, and what is the surpassing greatness of His power toward us who believe. (Ephesians 1:18-19)
Paul then explains to the Ephesians the results of Christ’s ministry, death, resurrection, and ascension:
These are in accordance with the working of the strength of His might which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places, far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come. And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church, which is Hisbody, the fullness of Him who fills all in all. (Ephesians 1:19-23)
Notice that Jesus is revealed as already seated at the right hand of God, above all authorities in both Heaven and Earth. It makes little sense, therefore, for Jesus to be crowned again in an earthly Jerusalem when He has already ascended the throne in the Heavenly Jerusalem, far above all powers in both Heaven and Earth.

Christ the Cornerstone

The Apostle Paul then shares with the Ephesians their place in God’s plan, a “mystery” that includes them with all the saints, both Jews and Gentiles, all as parts of the “holy temple,” another way the Kingdom of God is described in the Word of God:
So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and are of God’s household, having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone, in whom the whole building, being fitted together, is growing into a holy temple in the Lord, in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit. (Ephesians 2:19-22)
Paul relates to the Ephesians the reasons why the mystery of the Kingdom of God was kept hidden:  It was to show how God’s wisdom has been revealed through the Church and has resulted in the complete reign of Christ as King:  
To me, the very least of all saints, this grace was given, to preach to the Gentiles the unfathomable riches of Christ, and to bring to light what is the administration of the mystery which for ages has been hidden in God who created all things; so that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known through the church to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly places. (Ephesians 3:8-10)
The mission of the Church continues, therefore, to demonstrate the wisdom of God’s plan even to these “rulers and authorities” in Heaven, and as believers we do it both from here and in the heavenly realms.  

The Riches of Christ

In the following chapter, Paul reiterates his previous points, again mentioning the “mystery” of God’s grace to the Gentiles:
By revelation there was made known to me the mystery, as I wrote before in brief. By referring to this, when you read you can understand my insight into the mystery of Christ, which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;  (Ephesians 3:3-5)
Paul explains his meaning in the next few verses:
To be specific, that the Gentiles are fellow heirs and fellow members of the body, and fellow partakers of the promise in Christ Jesus through the gospel, of which I was made a minister, according to the gift of God’s grace which was given to me according to the working of His power. (Ephesians 3:6-7)
Paul then explains his part in the revelation of this mystery:
To me, the very least of all saints, this grace was given, to preach to the Gentiles the unfathomable riches of Christ, and to bring to light what is the administration of the mystery which for ages has been hidden in God who created all things; so that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known through the church to the rulers and the authorities inthe heavenly places. (Ephesians 3:8-10)
Therefore, Jesus is the King who has already been crowned and is coming soon, not one who will be crowned when He appears in God’s time.

To Be Continued

We will examine this teaching about the Kingdom of God in Part III of this series, looking at two analogies, or metaphors, that describe the Kingdom.

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